LABORATORIES AND QUALITY CONTROL DEPARTMENT
Laboratories at NARC have been established to support the researchers with the analysis they need and to provide farmers with fundamental services to solve their agricultural problems.
To achieve the previous goals, the laboratories department is carrying out the following responsibilities:
Plant & Fertilizers Laboratory
Quality control office:
From the consciousness of National Agricultural Research Center (NARC) to the importance of meeting the requirements and satisfying the needs of target groups by getting an accurate and precise laboratory results in physical, chemical, and biological tests for the main agricultural items (soil, plants, fertilizers, water), and also from recognition of the top management and laboratory management to the significance and importance of all test stages starting from customer inquiry or questions up to receiving the test result certificate and according to the needs of the country and citizens allowing Jordanian agricultural products to reach European and West markets, and by supporting the recommendations for (improvement of exports project). This will encourage (NARC) to get a national accreditation from Jordan Institution for Standards & Metrology (JISM) in accordance to ISO/IEC 17025 requirements.
Laboratory and Quality Control Department performed and established a quality system starting from plant & fertilizer labs and implemented by which the customer samples were analyzed using special and modern equipments. In addition to that, samples were applied using standard analytical methods for existing concentrations of nutrient required for plant growth, including major nutrients (N, P, K), Secondary nutrients (Ca, Mg), micronutrients (Fe, Mn, Zn, Cu, B, Mo, Cl), and toxic elements- such as Al, Cd, Li, Na, and Pb.
Soil Analysis Laboratories:
Soil is defined as the unconsolidated mineral material on the surface of earth that has been subjected to and influenced by genetic and environmental factors of: parent material, climate (including moisture and temperature effects), macro- and micro-organisms, and topography. These factors, over a period of time, produce a type of soil, differs from original material in many physical, chemical, biological, and morphological properties and characteristics. Soil is defined most suitable place which plant can grow up and achieve it necessary materials from it.
The objectives of soil analysis are :
Soil Analysis Laboratories
Water Analysis Laboratories:
Jordan is considered a poor water resources country; this creates the need for a wise water strategy.
Water analysis lab mission is to analyze water samples for agricultural objectives and determine its utility for agricultural purposes. Many years ago, we started using treated wastewater in agricultural research to find out its utility for irrigating certain crops.
Plants Analysis Laboratory:
Healthy plants contain predictable concentrations of essential elements. Growers, who submit plant tissue samples for analysis, can monitor actual levels of these elements within a crop throughout the season. They can find out deficiencies or toxicities which help in optimizing fertilization in timely manner.
Plant Laboratory analyzes plant tissue samples chemically. The analysis measures the existing concentrations of nutrient required for plant growth, including: major nutrients (N, P, K), secondary nutrients (Ca, Mg), micronutrients (Fe, Mn, Zn, Cu, B, Mo, Cl), and toxic elements such as Al, Cd, Li, Na, and Pb.
Plant analysis reports provide voluble data which is necessary for making management decisions. Growers can reduce application rates and fine tune fertilizer programs. Compiling yield data with plant reports provides essential records of nutrient used in waste management systems. Plant analysis reports can serve as voluble evidence of responsible crop management and environmental stewardship.
Plants Analysis Laboratory
Fertilizers Analysis Laboratory:
Fertilizer is simply the plant food; just like human body needs vitamins and minerals, plants need nutrients in order to grow.
Fertilizer is the most controllable source of plant nutrients, so careful selection of nutrients rates, placement, and timing of fertilizers placement, will enable farmers to supply the food plants needed at nearly optimum levels, to achieve economic and environmental efficiency.
Fertilizers Lab. is responsible for the analysis of imported or locally manufactured fertilizers, to verify the accuracy of sample analysis results and meet regulator specifications.
Fertilizers Analysis Laboratory
Plant protection is usually play a major role of high quality and quantities of agricultural products and crops without disturbing and polluting the agro- ecosystem, diagnosis of most plant diseases and pests usually occurs in laboratories to determine the causal agent and suggest a proper management control program.
Plant protection laboratories are available NARC and most of them are able to identify and diagnose plant pests and diseases on different kinds of crops and fruit trees. Infected samples were sent to laboratories from Farmers, quarantine borders centers, governorates agriculture departments and also from NARC researchers.
Also many training programs were held in plant protection laboratories for university students and agricultural engineers in the fields of diagnosis of plant pests and using laboratories facilities.
Carry out laboratory analysis to soil, plants, tubers and other planting materials for diseases and pests diagnosis for farmers, agricultural companies and for agricultural quarantine samples .However, plant protection labs.are conducting laboratory analysis to plant protection researches.
Laboratories of plant protection include the fallowing:
1. Virology laboratory:
This lab. equipped with high tech. equipments and instruments for viral diseases detection and identification using serological tests (ELISA).
Plant Virology laboratory
2. Mycology & Bacteriology laboratory:
The main duties of this lab is to identify fungi, bacteria which infect wide range of plants, and isolate these causal agents from soil, plant tissues, seeds and any other planting material using biochemical tests and make isolation on different types of growth media.
Mycology & Bacteriology laboratory
3. Nematology laboratory:
Identify samples (Plant, soil) received from farmers and guide them to suitable managements control program to reduce the losses cased by nematode infection.
4. Laboratories in regional centers:
a) Jordan valley laboratories
Contain three main labs.
b) Rabba laboratory.consists of two main laboratories:
The main objectives are:
Collecting samples in sterile conditions and sending them directly to the lab in icebox.
Analyzing samples using standard methods.
Laboratory of Plant Tissue Culture:
Plant tissue culture lab established in 1990 as apart of plant production department at MOA, the lab started working research on micro propagation of apple and developed research to work on other crops, such as palm date, potato, grape, citrus and some medicinal and ornamental plants. In 1999, it was join to NARC.
Advantages of plant tissue culture:
Tissue Culture Laboratory
Forage Analysis Laboratory:
Forage laboratory aims to achieve more beneficial results in animal production sector through:
Preparing formulations of the least cost ration to supply the animals with requirements.
Biotechnology includes the use of techniques for the improvement of the characteristics of economically important plants and animals and for the development of micro-organisms to act on the environment. The biotechnology lab is an important lab at NARC, conducting applied research in the area of plant production. The lab also provides service to the local societies and framers. The lab staff solve the farmer problem through detecting the genetic variations among different plant crops.
Set up goal of the lab:
To use the DNA fingerprinting techniques for studying the genetic variations of wild, cultivated and imported crops and use of the biotechnology methods for crops improvement.
The set up objectives of the lab:
Molecular Techniques used at lab:
Laboratory and Quality Control Directorate achievements: